palm oil processing

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Palm Oil Processing

Palm Oil Processing

Palm oil processing starts with the harvesting of fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) which are milled within 24 hours from harvesting.

After the steaming process, the palm fruitlets are crushed in pressing machine to obtain crude palm oil and palm kernel. Waste and water is then cleared and separated from the CPO by means of a centrifuge. The cleared crude palm oil emerging from the centrifuge is then sent for refining while the palm kernel nut is sent for crushing. The empty fruit bunches and liquid waste arising from the process are used as fertiliser in the plantations.

The palm kernel is further crushed to produce crude palm kernel oil and the remaining palm kernel meal is used as animal feed.

If you want to produce refined oil in palm oil processing, crude palm oil and crude palm kernel oil is processed through three refining stages, namely degumming, bleaching and deodorising.

In the processing of degumming, the gum and fatty acid in crude palm oil and crude palm kernel oil are separated together with other impurities such as trace minerals, copper and iron by the application of phosphoric acid. In bleaching, the oil is mixed with bleaching earth (bentonite calcium) in a vacuum room to remove impurities and colour pigments in the palm oil. In deodorising, the odour and taste of the oil is removed when the oil is steamed at high temperatures between 240°C to 260°C and then cooled to room temperature.

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